; ForgeRock, Inc. Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2022
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Except for the policies updated below, including the accounting policies for credit losses and income taxes that were updated below as a result of the Company adopting the FASB Accounting Standards Updates (“ASU”) Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (“Topic 326”) and Income Taxes (Topic “740”), respectively, on January 1, 2022, there have been no significant changes from the significant accounting policies disclosed in in “Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” to the consolidated financial statements included in Part II, Item 8 of the Annual Report.

Cash Equivalents

Cash consists primarily of cash on deposit with. banks. Cash equivalents include highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity date of 90 days or less from the date of purchase.

The Company monitors its credit risk by considering factors such as historical experience, credit ratings, current economic conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts.

Short-term Investments

Short-term investments consist primarily of money market funds, U.S. treasury bonds, commercial paper, corporate debt and asset-backed securities. The Company’s policy generally requires investments to be investment grade, with the primary objective of minimizing the potential risk of principal loss. The Company classifies its short-term investments as available-for-sale securities at the time of purchase and reevaluates such classification at each balance sheet date. The Company has classified its investments as current based on the nature of the investments and their availability for use in current operations.

Available-for-sale debt securities are recorded at fair value each reporting period. Unrealized gains and losses on these investments are reported as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the condensed consolidated balance sheets until realized. Unrealized gains and losses for any short-term investments that management intends to sell or it is more likely than not that management will be required to sell prior to their anticipated recovery are recorded in other income, net. The Company segments its portfolio based on the underlying risk profiles of the securities and has a zero-loss expectation for U.S. treasury and U.S. government agency securities. The Company regularly reviews the securities in an unrealized loss position and evaluates the current expected credit loss by considering factors such as credit ratings, issuer-specific factors, current economic conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. The Company did not record any material credit losses during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

Interest income is reported within Other, net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Realized gains and losses are determined based on the specific identification method and are reported in Other, net in the consolidated statements of operations.
Accounts Receivable, Contract Assets and Allowances

Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount, net of allowances for expected credit losses. Effective January 1, 2022, the Company reports accounts receivable and contract assets net of an allowance for expected credit losses in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (“ASC 326”), while prior period amounts continue to be reported in accordance with previously applicable GAAP. These allowances are based on the Company’s assessment of the collectability of accounts by considering the age of each outstanding invoice, the collection history of each customer, and an evaluation of current expected risk of credit loss based on current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts of future economic conditions over the life of the receivable. We assess collectability by reviewing accounts receivable on an aggregated basis where similar characteristics exist and on an individual basis when we identify specific customers with known disputes or collectability issues. Amounts deemed uncollectible are recorded as an allowance for expected credit losses in the condensed consolidated balance sheets with an offsetting decrease in deferred revenue or a charge to general and administrative expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Collaborative Arrangements

The Company has entered into collaborative arrangements with two partners in order to develop future versions of and enhance the features and functionality of its identity software and SaaS services. These arrangements have been determined to be within the scope of ASC 808, Collaborative Arrangements, as the parties are active participants and exposed to the risks and rewards of the collaborative activity. These arrangements also include research, development and commercial activities. The terms of the Company’s collaborative arrangements include (i) revenue on sales of licensed products, (ii) royalties on net sales of licensed products, (iii) reimbursements for research and development expenses, and (iv) sales-based milestone warrants which expire after ten years. In the quarters ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company had recognized revenue of $1.3 million and $0.7 million and royalty expenses of $0.3 million and $0.3 million related to collaborative arrangements, respectively.

JOBS Act Accounting Election

As an emerging growth company (“EGC”), the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (“JOBS Act”) allows the Company to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are applicable to private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)). The Company may elect to use this extended transition period under the JOBS Act until such time as the Company is no longer considered to be an EGC. The adoption dates for recently adopted accounting standards discussed below reflect this election, where applicable.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326) (“ASU 2016-13”), which changes the existing incurred loss impairment model for financial assets held at amortized cost. The new model uses a forward-looking expected loss method to calculate credit loss estimates. ASU 2016-13 also modified the concept of other-than-temporary impairment and requires credit losses related to available-for-sale debt securities to be recorded through an allowance for credit losses rather than as a reduction in the amortized cost basis of the securities. These changes will result in earlier recognition of credit losses. In February 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-02, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), which amends the effective date of the original pronouncement for smaller reporting companies. ASU 2016-13 and its amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years, though early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted the requirements of ASU 2016-13 as of January 1, 2022 on a modified retrospective basis. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”). ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740. As an emerging growth company, ASU 2019-12 is effective for fiscal years beginning January 1, 2022, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 on January 1, 2022. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.